How to Make Cake Flour: A Guide for Bakers | Homemade Recipe

Cake flour is an essential ingredient in many baked goods, including cakes, cupcakes, and muffins. However, finding it in grocery stores can be a challenge, especially in some parts of the world. Additionally, store-bought cake flour can be expensive, and some brands may contain additives that are unnecessary for baking. Fortunately, making your own cake flour at home is simple and cost-effective. All you need is all-purpose flour and cornstarch, which are readily available in most kitchens. In this guide, we will walk you through the process of making cake flour from scratch and provide tips for measuring and storing it properly. With this knowledge, you’ll be able to bake delicious treats without having to worry about the availability or cost of cake flour.

What is Cake Flour?

Flour Types

Flour Types

When it comes to baking, choosing the right type of flour is crucial for achieving the desired texture and flavor in your baked goods. While there are many types of flour available, three of the most commonly used flours are all-purpose flour, bread flour, and pastry flour.

All-Purpose Flour

As the name suggests, all-purpose flour is a versatile flour that can be used in a wide range of baked goods, from cakes and cookies to bread and pizza dough. It is made by milling a blend of hard and soft wheat, which gives it a moderate protein content of around 10-12%. This makes it suitable for a variety of recipes, as it provides both structure and tenderness to baked goods.

Bread Flour

Bread flour, on the other hand, has a higher protein content than all-purpose flour, typically around 12-14%. This high protein content allows bread flour to develop strong gluten strands, which give bread its characteristic chewiness and rise. Bread flour is ideal for yeast-based bread recipes, as well as recipes that require a lot of kneading or shaping.

Pastry Flour

Pastry flour is the lowest protein flour of the three, with a protein content of around 8-9%. This low protein content makes it ideal for delicate baked goods, such as pie crusts, biscuits, and scones. Pastry flour produces baked goods that are tender and crumbly, rather than chewy or dense.

While these three flours are some of the most common types of flour used in baking, there are many other types of flour available, such as cake flour, self-rising flour, and whole wheat flour. Understanding the differences between these flours and how they can affect your baked goods is key to becoming a successful baker.

Baking Ingredients

When it comes to baking, the ingredients you use are just as important as the method and recipe. Understanding how each ingredient works and the purpose it serves can make all the difference in the final product. In this section, we’ll take a closer look at three key baking ingredients: leavening agents, sugar, and fats.

Leavening Agents

Leavening agents are essential for creating light and fluffy baked goods. There are two main types of leavening agents used in baking: chemical and biological.

Chemical leavening agents, such as baking powder and baking soda, react with other ingredients in the batter or dough to produce carbon dioxide gas. This gas causes the mixture to rise and expand, resulting in a lighter texture.

Biological leavening agents, such as yeast, work by consuming sugars and producing carbon dioxide gas as a byproduct. Yeast is commonly used in bread making and requires time and patience to allow the yeast to activate and produce enough gas for the bread to rise properly.


Sugar does more than just add sweetness to baked goods. It also plays a crucial role in the texture, color, and moisture content of the final product. Sugar helps to tenderize the structure of baked goods, creating a soft and moist texture.

In addition, sugar affects the browning of baked goods. When sugar is heated, it caramelizes and creates a golden-brown crust on the outside of the baked good. This not only adds visual appeal but also imparts a delicious flavor.


Fats, such as butter or oil, contribute to the flavor and texture of baked goods. Fats help to keep baked goods moist and tender by coating the flour particles and preventing gluten from forming.

In addition, fats help to distribute heat evenly throughout the baked good, resulting in a cohesive and uniform texture. Fats also play a role in browning, helping to create a crispy and golden crust on the outside of the baked good.

In conclusion, leavening agents, sugar, and fats are essential ingredients in baking that contribute to the texture, flavor, and overall quality of baked goods. Understanding how these ingredients work and their purpose in baking can help you achieve the perfect results every time.

Why Make Your Own Cake Flour?

One of the reasons why home bakers may choose to make their own cake flour is for cost-effective baking. Homemade cake flour can be significantly cheaper than store-bought options. By using all-purpose flour and cornstarch, which are typically pantry staples, you can create a high-quality cake flour substitute without having to purchase an additional ingredient.

Another reason to make your own cake flour is for baking from scratch. When you make your own cake flour, you have control over the quality and freshness of the ingredients. The end product will be free of any additives or preservatives that may be present in store-bought cake flour. Additionally, by creating your own cake flour, you can tailor it to suit a specific recipe or personal taste preferences.

It’s also worth noting that homemade cake flour has a shorter shelf life than store-bought cake flour. However, this can be seen as a positive aspect for those who prefer fresh baking ingredients. By making smaller batches of cake flour as needed, home bakers can ensure that their cakes are made with the freshest possible ingredients.

In summary, making your own cake flour can be a cost-effective and rewarding option for home bakers who enjoy baking from scratch. With just a few pantry staples and a little bit of effort, you can create a high-quality cake flour substitute that is tailored to your needs and tastes.

How to Make Cake Flour

Recipe for Homemade Cake Flour

Recipe for Homemade Cake Flour

Making cake flour at home is a simple and cost-effective way to take your baking to the next level. To make homemade cake flour, you only need two ingredients: all-purpose flour and cornstarch.

Proportions of Ingredients

For every cup of cake flour required in your recipe, use one cup of sifted all-purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons of flour, and add 2 tablespoons of cornstarch. This will give you a cup of cake flour with a protein content of around 8%, which is perfect for light and fluffy cakes.

Mixing Methods

Sifting the ingredients is crucial when making cake flour at home. Sift the all-purpose flour and cornstarch together several times until they are well combined and aerated. This will ensure that the cornstarch is evenly distributed throughout the flour and that there are no lumps in the mixture.

Once you have sifted the ingredients, simply mix them together, and your homemade cake flour is ready to use in your favorite cake recipes.

Homemade cake flour is not only easy and cost-effective to make, but it also allows you to control the quality of your baking ingredients. With this simple recipe, you can make sure that every cake you bake is light, tender, and delicious.

Tips for Making Cake Flour

Tips for Making Cake Flour

When it comes to making cake flour at home, there are a few tips and tricks that can help you achieve the best results. Here are some valuable insights on measuring ingredients and storing homemade cake flour.

Measuring Ingredients

Measuring ingredients accurately is key to achieving the right consistency in your cake flour. It’s important to use the proper measuring tools and techniques to ensure that your cake flour turns out just right.

  • Use a kitchen scale: Measuring by weight is more accurate than measuring by volume, so investing in a good kitchen scale can make a big difference.
  • Sift your ingredients: Sifting your dry ingredients helps to remove any lumps or clumps and ensures that your cake flour is light and fluffy.
  • Be precise: When measuring your ingredients, be sure to follow the recipe carefully and measure accurately. Even small variations can affect the final outcome of your cake flour.

Storing Homemade Cake Flour

Once you’ve made your homemade cake flour, it’s important to store it properly to maintain its freshness and quality. Here are some tips for storing your cake flour:

  • Store in an airtight container: To prevent moisture from getting in and affecting the texture of your cake flour, store it in an airtight container.
  • Label the container: Be sure to label your container with the date and type of flour, so you know when it was made and what it is.
  • Use within a month: Homemade cake flour doesn’t have preservatives like store-bought flour, so it’s best to use it within a month of making it. After that, its quality may start to deteriorate.

By keeping these tips in mind, you’ll be able to make and store your own homemade cake flour with confidence, ensuring that your baked goods turn out perfectly every time.
Cake flour is an essential ingredient in many baked goods, and it can be frustrating when you don’t have it on hand. Fortunately, making your own cake flour at home is a simple and cost-effective solution. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you’ll be able to create homemade cake flour that will work just as well as store-bought options. Remember to measure your ingredients carefully and sift the mixture thoroughly for the best results. With this knowledge, you can experiment with different recipes and enjoy baking from scratch without worrying about running out of cake flour. Happy baking!

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